CBD works directly with the human body’s endocannabinoid system, or ECS.

The ECS is a neurotransmitter system responsible for many regular functions and feelings in the body. These include memory, motor control, mood, fertility and reproduction, immune function, sleep, appetite, bone development, and pain reception.

The ECS has 3 major components:

  1. Endocannabinoids: which are like the neurons of the ECS. Endocannabinoids are produced throughout our body. The two main endocannabinoids are anandamide (involved in appetite and memory) and 2-arachidonoylgylcerol (involved in maintaining emotional and cardiovascular health).
  2. Cannabinoid Receptors: the receptors that the endocannabinoids bond with. The human body has two cannabinoid receptors that we know of:
    • CB1: these receptors are present throughout the body with a majority in the brain. CB1 receptors deal with all kinds of movement and coordination in addition to memory, thinking, mood, emotions, and pain.
    • CB2: these receptors are commonly present in the immune system. Their primary role is to moderate pain and inflammation in the body.
  3. Enzymes: that help break down the endo and Phyto-cannabinoids.

CBD intercepts both the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the ESC, which are primarily responsible for transmitting messages to the brain.